The First Exhibition

The predecessor of our museum - The State Museum of the Revolution was officially established by a decision of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Red Army Deputies on October 9, 1919. As expected, the museum, reflecting the main event of the era, occupied the most historically significant place in the capital of the new state - the Wintr Palace. The first exhibition of the Soviet Russian Revolution Museum was inaugurated January 11, 1920 in the halls of the Winter Palace by the head of the chairman of the Petrograd Soviet Comintern Grigory Zinoviev and Commissar of Education Anatoly Lunacharsky. The Museum was located in The Winter Palace for more than a quarter century. Serious difficulties began at the turn of the 1930s. The first museum of the USSR Congress, held December 1-5, 1930, has launched a large-scale reform of the museum business, which affected almost all the museums of the country. In accordance with the resolutions and recommendations of the Congress party general restructuring of museums accompanied by a solution not only to the real problems of museums. Stalin's thesis about the intensification of the class struggle as the construction of socialism introduced by Congress in the museum business, gave impetus to the search for "class enemies", "saboteurs" and "subversives", including among museum professionals. The scientific archive of the museum preserved abundant evidence of how the second half of 1930 from the first exposure, and then from the collection were confiscated documents and photographs of the leaders of the Bund and the Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries, leaders' hostile to the proletarian socialist parties and social movements. "Since that time and all subsequent years the activities of the museum was under the vigilant control of the party organs. All exhibitions and displays at the stage of their scientific training and selection of exhibits thoroughly checked by party representatives in compliance with the official party propaganda. Some exhibits are simply falsified or destroyed.