100th Anniversary of the Russian Revolution

In 2017 Museum marks the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. It drastically changed the vector of Russian historical development for more then seven decades and significantly influenced global history of the 20th century. In 2015 the Museum opened a new large-scale exposition “The Russian Revolution. 1917-1922”. Materials on the development of the Revolution in spring/summer of 1917 fully integrated into the historic interiors of two rooms on the second floor of Mathilde Kschessinska’s mansion where the Bolshevik Party led by Vladimir Lenin had its headquarters in March-July 1917. These historical and memorial rooms were recreated for the exposition in 1987 and thirty years later they became an integral part of a new exhibition, its highlight. The Revolution was a single continuous process that spanned over years. The February Uprising, The October Coup and the Civil War are not viewed as separate events, but become natural stages of the Revolution. Each of this stages has its own section at the exhibition. In May, 2017 in the Museum took place the conference “Revolution in 1917 in Russia: Events and Conceptions, Consequences and Memory”. The conference gathered academics from twelve cities across Russia, as well as eight different countries: China, the USA, France, Poland, Germany, Finland, and Norway. Academics and researchers of revolution delved into the core questions of this revolutionary time: the problems of periodization, the trouble with finding an exact starting date of revolutionary events, how to categorize the double power in the revolutionary political system, and how this all fits into the context of world history In 2017 the Museum marks the 80th anniversary of “The Great Terror”. On July 30, 1937 USSR Domestic Affairs Commissar N.I.Exhov prepared secret Order No. 00447 “Concerning measures focused on repression of former kulaks, criminal elements and other anti-s0viet elements”. “Big Terror” lasted for one year and a half, until removal of Ezhov and appointment of L.P. Beriya Commissar of NKVD. During that period the government daily killed thousand of its citizens. In March-April 2017 in the Museum took place the exhibit “Life or Literature. Varlam Shalamov". The exhibit was provided by the Museum of the History of the Gulag—the first detailed and multifaceted museum project showing the fate of the writer. The works and photographs of Shalamov and other matirials recreate the Gulag experience of the writer.