The Thaw

At the beginning of the Khrushchev "thaw" the revival of the museum began. (The Khrushchev "thaw" is the period from the 1950s to the early 1960s when repression and censorship in the Soviet Union were relaxed). In December 1954, the city authorities decided to grant the museum two buildings on Kronverksky Prospect-the former mansions of the ballerina Matilda Kshesinskaya and Baron Brant. On November 5, 1957 the State Museum of October Revolution opened again. Many graduates of the history faculty of the Leningrad State University came to work in the museum as researchers. The Khrushchev's "thaw" opened new opportunities to researchers to form a collection for the museum. The museum began to replenish its lost collections with unique exhibits from rehabilitated "enemies of the people", their children and relatives. In general, the 1960s and 1970s were fruitful for the museum staff. The collection received new unique exhibits on the restoration of the war-torn national economy. The museum collected remarkable artifacts for the formation of a new exhibit on the exploration of space from personal belongings and documents of cosmonauts such as Korolev, Gagarin, Tereshkova, and others.