Siege graphics: heroism, routine life, memory

21 Jan–26 Feb 2020All exhibitions

The exhibition presents the works by the artists who survived the siege of Leningrad - Elena Marttila, Nikolai Muratov, Alexei Pakhomov, Alexander Kharshak and other authors. Among these works, there are finished works and sketches that are far from the canons of Soviet official art. Some works will be exhibited for the first time.

The value of the works presented at the exhibition is that they were created by the witnesses of the events. The exhibition tells about the tragedy of the siege through the experience and memories of people who lived and worked in the besieged city. Among the drawings and engravings, there are natural sketches, portraits and landscapes. They reflect the everyday life of Leningrad, the suffering and heroism of its defenders.

A special place in the museum collection of besieged art is occupied by the works of Elena Oskarovna Marttila (born 1923). The artist studied and worked in the besieged city until 1943, having survived the hardest days of siege. It was the time when she painted portraits of the famous contemporaries - poet Olga Berggolts and composer Dmitry Shostakovich. Marttila's works were not officially recognised for a long time - they were too emotional and tragic. The exhibition presents autolithographs from the series "Leningraders 1941 - 1942".

From the first days of the war, Leningrad artists, together with the inhabitants of the city, carried out the work on the disguise of buildings and monuments, on packaging for the evacuation of museum property, built defensive structures. Theatrical artist Tatiana Viesel (1904 - 1976) took part in the preservation of architectural and artistic monuments of Leningrad. In a small drawing in ink, made during the works on the Admiralty spire, Wiesel depicted her partner - Olga Afanasyevna Firsova, who from the beginning of the siege was engaged in disguise of monuments, and then their restoration. Both women were alpinists in peacetime, and these sports skills were useful in wartime.

Typical natural sketches throughout the siege were made by Nikolai Muratov (1908 - 1992). The artist is known as one of the organizers of the creative association "Battle Pencil", author of many political posters. Quick sketches depicting a combat unit near Smolny or a sieged tramway show how the city lived in the wartime.

One of the most impressive anti-war works at the exhibition is an etching of "The Wounded Child" by Alexander Isaakovich Kharshak (1908 - 1989). The basis for it was a drawing for the newspaper "Strike on the Enemy" in 1942.

Pictures depicting soldiers of the Leningrad front can be distinguished separately. The gallery of portraits of pilots and sailors was created by Georgy Semenovich Vereysky (1886-1962). Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev (1909 - 1996) painted small portraits of his Baltic comrades-in-arms and pilots who were covering the "Road of Life" during the flights.

Works by non-professional artists are also interesting. Mikhail Pavlovich Dukhanov (1896-1969) commanded the 67th Army of the Leningrad Front, which participated in breaking the siege. Dukhanov created the drawing "Siege of Leningrad", which depicts the moment of the tragic death of a young girl under the ruins of a destroyed house.

The date 27 January 1944, the day of the complete liberation of Leningrad from the siege, has always remained in people's memory. The festive drawing "Heroic Leningrad" by brothers Semyon and Stepan Aladzhalovs depicts the moment of general rejoicing and joy. The first salute in Leningrad illuminates the dark winter sky.

In total, the exhibition will feature about 30 works.


Публикация от: 18.12.2019 16:33:16