The exhibition "Karl Marx: Image and Symbol", dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the birth of a philosopher and economist, was opened in The State Museum of Political History of Russia.
The exhibits show how in Soviet Russia the canonical image of the founder of the revolutionary doctrine was formed. Visitors will see the busts of Marx created in the first decades of Soviet power, commemorative medals with his image, invitations to the opening of monuments of Marx in Petrograd, Moscow and other cities, photographs of these monuments, works of Marx, books about his life and doctrine, posters.
The Ministry of Culture of Russian Federation and the Russian Historical Society introduced the anniversary of Marx to the list of main historical events, said Elena Kostyusheva, deputy general director of The State Museum of Political History of Russia, at the opening of the exhibition. According to her, this date attracted the attention of cultural institutions in Russia and abroad, there are events devoted to Marx during a year throughout the country, and an exhibition in The State Museum of Political History of Russia - among them.
History played a cruel joke with Marx, says Alexander Smirnov, head of the author's group and a senior researcher at The State Museum of Political History of Russia. Marx would be very surprised if he could learn that Russia was the first country in the world where his ideas were tried to bring to life. "Our exhibition shows how after the October Revolution the Soviet Communists purposefully pursued a policy to perpetuate Karl Marx," - Smirnov said. The image of Marx followed the Soviet man everywhere: the monuments were erected in his honor, the streets and factories were called by his name, his busts stood everywhere. The country celebrated every anniversary of Marx - new posters were produced, new works of art, stamps, postcards, books were created. Despite this, Marx turned into a museum exhibit with every decade, believes Smirnov.
The exhibition shows how the attitude towards Marx had been changing throughout the Soviet period - from the October Revolution of 1917 to the democratic reforms that began in the USSR in the late 1980s.
The exhibition willrun until June 20.