The exhibition “The experiment that changed the world” opened on November 7

The exhibition “The experiment that changed the world” dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, officially opened on November 7.

Elena Anatolievna Lysenko, executive director of the Museum of Political History of Russia, made a welcoming speech: “Most of the events dedicated to the Soviet era discuss not so much the creation of the USSR as its collapse. The focus of our exhibition is the formation of the Soviet state and how successful this experiment was in solving the national question and political geography”.

“It was the greatest event of the 20th and, in all probability, our country was even ahead of many European states in time and space. Of course, many mistakes were made but we must understand that it was the first experience on a such scale”, - said Mikhail Viktorovich Khodyakov, the Head of the Department of Modern Russian History at Saint-Petersburg State University, Doctor of History.

Alexander Pavlovich Smirnov, the head of the group that created the exhibition and Doctor of History, described the problems of the exhibition: “You can’t understand the history of the formation of the USSR without knowing the Bolshevik Party leaders’ approach to the solution of national-territorial construction. Lenin and his associates tried to construct political nations from those people and nationalities that inhabited the territory of the former Russian Empire. The Bolsheviks wanted to accelerate the historical process and bring closer the moment of the triumph of communist society throughout the world”.

On December 30, 1922, delegates from the RSFSR, the Ukranian SSR, the Belorussian SSR and the Transcaucasian Federation adopted the founding documents: The Declaration and The Pact on the Formation of the USSR. The exhibition tells about the real circumstances of the formation of the multinational Soviet state and reflects the complex and controversial process that led to the creation of the USSR. The core of the exhibition consists of the unique photographs, posters, documents which reflect both the struggle of the Bolsheviks for the world proletarian revolution and the establishment of Soviet power on the national fringes of the former Russian Empire. Here is a gallery of famous and forgotten historical figures who were direct participants of those events. Visitors will see personal belongings of Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, the first head of the USSR and the chairman of the Central Executive Committee, the founder and head of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, clothing of combatants during the Civil War and other unique items.

The exhibition runs until March 2023.

Санкт-Петербург, ул. Куйбышева 2-4


(812) 600-20-00, (812) 233-70-52,

Разработка сайта:

© 2004-2024  Государственный музей политической истории России

Мы используем cookie

Во время посещения сайта ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО МУЗЕЯ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЙ ИСТОРИИ РОССИИ Вы соглашаетесь с тем, что мы обрабатываем ваши персональные данные с использованием метрических программ.   Подробнее